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Sed - A language by Christopher Dicke
Version 3.0

NOTE: This page uses the beautiful DS_Celtic-1 font by Dan Smith. You can download it here. It is not required, but it looks nicer. (example can be seen in the title image)...

Words written in italics are English words, and words written in <brackets> are Sed words. References to Roman letters are lower-case and italicized (e.g. a)

Spelling is originally based on the rules of Fonetik, but various changes were made (see below). Words only have double-letters if it is actually pronounced that way (as in unnamed, but not as in fall). There are no silent letters. There will be no spelling banana with three ns and a silent q! Transcription rules can be seen below.

Emphasis rules have not yet been decided. Until then, emphasis will be on the first syllable, unless otherwise noted. When noted emphasis will be noted by underlining the emphasized vowel. (e.g. <fyûkal>)

Primary influences are:
J.R.R. Tolkien's primary Elvish languages (Quenya and Sindarin), German, Spanish, and Japanese

Update (Dec 03, 2002 - 5:42 PM CST): Work on Sed 3.0 officially begins - it will be re-written from the ground up for the most part. All that I am currently planning to remain entirely intact, is what is seen in the phrase "I love you" (En keir ahl)

Update (Nov 24, 2002 - 6:00 PM CST): Work on Sed 2.0 officially begins - it will be re-written from the ground up for the most part. All that I am currently planning to remain entirely intact, is what is seen in the phrase "I love you" (Kær en awl)

Deviations from Fonetik include (skip this part if you are unfamiliar with Fonetik):

  1. the switching of a and ah
  2. the switching of i and î
  3. the addition of the diphthong ie
  4. r in Sed is always a Spanish r
  5. English r is represented by q
----- Vowels (9/15) -----
Sed has 9 vowel sounds, and a letter for each one (unlike English which has around 15 vowel sounds, and 5 vowels to represent them). Vowels that do not appear in the English language are underlined and in bold. Examples of how words would be written in the Sed transcription mode are shown in (parenthesis).

True Sed Vowels

  1. a - as in raw (ra), saw (sa), ball (bal), fall (fal)
  2. ai - as in pie (pai), try (trai), cry (krai), or eye (ai)
  3. au - as in pound (paund), round (raund), crown (kraun)
  4. ei - a-sound as in bay (bei) or pay (pei)
  5. ie - Sed's i and e. Something of a cross between i and e, or î and e run together, but done as one syllable.
  6. i - as in peel (pil), seal (sil), meal (mil).
  7. o - o-sound as in toe (to), flow (flo), broken (broken). Never as in pop (pohp), sock (sohk), or rock (rohk), for which oh is used.
  8. u - u-sound as in put (put), soot (sut), look (luk), hook (huk). Never as the u-sound in cup, mud, jump, or shut, for which ô is used. Note also û.
  9. û - as in suit (sût), boot (bût), Luke (Lûk), rude (rûd). Codes are Alt-0251 ( û ) and Alt-0219 ( Û ). Never as the u-sound in cup, mud, jump, or shut, for which ô is used. Note that in words such as mute (myût) is used. Note also u.
  • yû - as in pew (pyû), you (yû), or mute (myût). Not as in crew (krû), flew (flû), or through (thrû). is not an actual vowel, but is noted here for reference anyway.

The most common Sed vowels will probably be a (as in saw) and ie.

Additional Sed Vowels

  1. ah - as in hat (haht), cat (kaht), or Latin (Lahtîn)
  2. e - as in bed (bed), red (red), and said (sed)
  3. î - as in bill (bîl), sick (sîk), mill (mîl). Never as in pie (pai), climb (klaim), sigh (sai) or peel (pil), seal (sil), meal (mil). Codes are Alt-0238 ( î ) and Alt-0206 ( Î ).
  4. oi - as in point (point), joint (joint).
  5. ô - u sound as in cup (kôp), mud (môd), jump (jômp), or shut (shôt). Never as the u sound in put (put), mute (myût), or rude (rûd), for which u, , and û are used. Codes are Alt-0244 ( ô ) and Alt-0212 ( Ô ).
  6. oh - as in pop (pohp), sock (sohk), rock (rohk). A bit of a cross between a and e (very close to a).

Sed Vowel Order

True Sed Vowels: au, û, u, o, a, e, ei, ai, i, ie
Additional Sed Vowels: ah, oh, au, oi, î, ô

Reminders for English speakers

  • e - always a short e as in bed (bed) or head (hed)
  • y - used only as a consonant, despite it's use in

----- Consonants (20/26) -----
Sed has 19 consonants, compared to English's 21 (b ball, d doll, f fall, g gall, h hall, j job, k cob, l lawn, m man, n nap, p pan, r ran, s sun, t ton, th thumb, dh that, v vat, w wax, y yak, z Zack, zh version), but there are English consonants that do not appear in Sed, and consonants in Sed that do not appear in English. These are detailed below. Consonants that do not appear in the English language are underlined and in bold.

True Sed Consonants

  1. c - ch sound as in church (curc). cs are never s or k sounds.
  2. dh - th sound as in that (dhaht), there (dheir), this (dhîs), wither (wîdhur), and weather (wedhur). Never the th sound as in thistle (thîsl), cloth (kloth), or bath (bahth), for which th is used.
  3. f - as in English.
  4. k - as in English.
  5. l - as in English.
  6. m - as in English.
  7. n - as in English.
  8. p - as in English.
  9. r - In Sed this is pronounced as in Spanish r. Can be pronounced as Spanish rr for added emphasis (rare).
  10. s - standard s sound. Never pronounced as a z sound.
  11. sh - as in English.
  12. t - as in English.
  13. ts - as in tsunami (tsûnami). Note that the t is not silent, as many people seem to think. It is pronounced more like in the word cats.
  14. th - th sound as in thistle (thîsl), cloth (kloth), or bath (bahth). Never as the th sound in that (dhaht), there (dheir), this (dhîs), wither (wîdhur), and weather (wedhur), for which dh is used.
  15. v - as in English.
  16. w - as in English.
  17. x - The German ch as in buch or Scottish loch. Never the ch as in church (curc).
  18. y - consonant y-sound as in you (yû), yellow (yelo), yard (yard), yore (yor).
  19. z - as in English.
  20. zh - a sound similar to sh. Found in words such as version (vurzhôn).

Additional Sed Consonants

  1. b - as in English.
  2. d - as in English.
  3. g - as in grey (grei), Gary (Geiri), garden (garden). Never a j sound.
  4. h - as in English.
  5. j - j sound as in jolly (joli), jump (jômp), jar (jar). Never as the y sound in Joachim (Wakim)
  6. nh - as in ring (rinh), song (sonh)

Sed Consonant Order

True Sed Consonants: p, t, k, f, v, th, dh, s, z, r, sh, x, c, ts, j, w, l, y, m, n
Additional Sed Consonants: b, d, g, h, nh, zh

Reminders for English speakers

  • c - never pronounced as s or k
  • dh - never the th-sound as in thistle, cloth, or bath
  • g - never pronounced as j
  • zh - a sound similar to sh. Found in English words such as version (verzhôn in the Sed mode).
  • ph - never pronounced as f
  • s - never pronounced as z
  • th - never a voiced th as in that, there, this, wither, and weather
  • x - never the ks sound in axe. (Bach would be spelt Bax)
Basic Consonant Arrangement
  labial labial-dental dental alveolar palato-alveolar velar glottal
stop p [b]     t [d]   k [g]  
fricative   f (v) th (dh) s (z) r rr sh [zh] xKH [h]
affricate         cCH j    
approximant w     [qR] l y    
nasal m     n   [nh]  

----- The Sed Alphabet -----
"True Sed" letters are letters that are allowable in the normal Sed language. "Additional Sed" letters are letters that are not a part of normal Sed, but are included in the alphabet for the sake of writing foreign languages in the Sed alphabet. For the consonants, where there may be some question of pronunciation for an English speaker, I have included a word in <less-than greater-than> signs that is either pronounced exactly like the word in question (as with heir <hair>), or gives guidance to how it is pronounced (as with shexa <Bach> - which reminds the reader that x is the German ch). All vowels have been given these guides, regardless of the question of their pronunciation.
 
True Sed Consonants (20)
p piet t tiek k kief f fiev v vieth
th thaidh dh dhies s siez z ziar r rish
sh shiax x xiac (Bach) c ciets ts tsiej j jauwe
w wel l leiy y yem m mien n niep
Or, for the truly daring, pietiekiefieviethaidhiesieziarishiaxiacietsiejauweleiyemieniep.
 
Additional Sed Consonants (7)
b bied d dieg g giezh zh zhie h hienh
nh enh
And again, biediegiahienh.
 
True Sed Vowels (9)
û û (suit) u u (puting a foot in soot) o o (pote) a a (pawn) au au (pout)
e e (pet) ei ei (pay) ai ai (pike) i i (peet) ie ie (N/A)
 
Additional Sed Vowels (6)
ah ah (Pat) oh oh (dog) au au (pout) oi oi (point) î î (pit)
ô ô <up the putting green>

----- Examples -----
Examples with grey backgrounds are out of date (below "I will walk to the water")
English
Literal English
Sed
Tell me, what is your name? Tell, me,, what, is, your, name? kal men, zû to zora sien?
Come! Fly with me! Come! Fly, with, me! ven! seir viel men!
I like flying. I, like, flying. en kir seira.
I love you. I, love, you. en keir al.
I will walk to the water. I, Walk (future tense), water-the. en veirkûn sielta.
My weapon of burning. Weapon my, of, burning. Teiren o raxa.
The spirits are flying in the air. The-spirits, are, flying, in, the-air. Eirsanta ro seira lei aita.
The weapons are burning. The-weapons, are, burning. Teirsanta ro raxa.
Come with me, if you want to live.   Ka viel men, ban al bor orû Kolen.
It is a long time until night ends, and day begins. Long time- (it)-is, until, night, ends; and, day, begins. Goltû rog reta porva, el sai seiahn.

----- Tenses and Miscellany -----
Tense
 Suffix
future-tense -(k)û(n) (???)
past-tense -(s)ad
action (present) -(r)on
possesive (???) -(r)as (???)
the -(t)a


All that follows is not guaranteed up to date with current Sed rules, and may or may not still be in Sed.

----- Most Recent Wordlist -----
English
 Sed
[key]

Duodecimal

  • 12th (#so) 743,008,370,688 - 8916100448255
  • 11th (#sa) 61,917,364,224 - 743,008,370,687
  • 10th (#siarta) 5,159,780,352 - 61,917,364,223
  • 9th (#so) 429,981,696 - 5,159,780,351
  • 8th (#sa) 35,831,808 - 429,981,695
  • 7th (#sieva) 2,985,984 - 35,831,807
  • 6th (#so) 248,832 - 2,985,983
  • 5th (#sa) 20,736 - 248,831
  • 4th (#seita) 1,728 - 20,735
  • 3rd (#so) 144-1,727
  • 2nd (#sa) 12-143
  • 1st (#) 1-11

#so #sa #sieva, #so #sa #seita, #so #sa #

0 fal
1 sien
2 zhin
3 kas
4 yin
5 tan
6 zhet
7 sielva
8 vrei
9 an
10 sho
11 tauv
12 siensa
13 zhinsa
14 kasa
15 tansa
21 siensa an
25 zhinsa sien
27 zhinsa kas
36 kasa
40 kasa yin
50 yinsa zhin
70 tansa sho
75 zhetsa kas
100 vreisa yin
125 shosa tan
127 shosa sielva
140 tauvsa vrei
144 sienso
150 sienso falsa zhet
156 sienso siensa
170 sienso kosa zhin
175 sienso zhinsa sielva
200 sisnso yinsa vrei
217 sienso zhetsa sien
250 sienso vreisa sho
300 zhinso siensa fal
350 zhinso tansa zhin
400 zhinso ansa yin
450 kaso siensa zhet
500 kaso tansa vrei
548 kaso ansa vrei
777 tanso yinsa an
7499 yinseita, yinso falsa tauv
7500 yinseita, yinso siensa
7501 yinseita, yinso siensa sien
892,761,543 eight hundred ninety-two million, seven hundred sixty-one thousand, five hundred forty-three
zhinso falsa shosieva, tauvso ansa vreiseita, yinso tauvsa kas
859963392 0 29859840, 2737152 186624 13824, 576 132 3
a zheia
and el
anger ral
come ven
fire rax
fly seir
hate raulos
I en
ice shar
is to
joy korzh
liquid sil (???)
love

keir

me men
name sien
of o
tell kal
the -ta
this tiel
time go
to (at) kû (???)
walk veir
water siel
weapon teir
what
with viel (???)
you zo
  fyûkal

----- Wordlist 2 -----
English
 Sed
[key] #soh #sah-#sívah, #soh #sah-#sætah, #soh #sah-#
0 fahl
1 zhin
2 koh
3 kahs
4 yin
5 tahn
6 jhet
7 silvah
8 bræ
9 ahn
10 jihnsah
40 yinsah
70 silvahsah
100 jhinsoh
127 jihnsoh kohsah-silvah
140 jhinsoh yinsah
156 jhinsoh tahnsah-jhet
170 jihnsoh silvahsah
217 kohsoh jhinsah-silvah
892,761,543 eight hundred ninety-two million, seven hundred sixty-one thousand, five hundred forty-three
bræsoh ahnsah-kohsívah silvahsoh jhetsah-jihnsætah tahnsoh yinsah-kahs
a jea
and el
anger rahl
come vehn
fire rahq
fly sær
hate rowlos
I en
ice shar
is toh
joy korjh
liquid sil
love

kær

me mehn
name sel
of o
tell kawl
the -tah
this til
time go
to (at)
walk vær
water siltah
weapon tær
what zoo
with víl
you zoh


----- Old Non-Standard Miscellany -----
Desc.
 Affix
for an extended period of time non-standard -os (vær (walk) becomes væros (wander))
1 zero -sah (10 is jhinsah, 70 is silvahsah)

----- New Syntax -----
Rule
English
 Sed
Sentance structure Subject verb object. Verb subject object.
Noun Phrase   noun - specifier - prepositional phrase

----- New Examples -----
English
Literal English
 Sed
 Fohnetik Sed
Tell me, what is your name? Tell, me,, what, is, name, yours? Kawl mehn, zú toh sel zohrah? Kahl men, zuu toh sel zorah?
Come! Fly with me! Come! Fly, with, me! Vehn! Særohn víl mehn! Vehn! Seirohn vyel mehn!
I like flying. Like, I, flying. Keer en særah. Kiir en seirah.
I love you. Love, I, you. Kær en awl. Keir en ahl.
I will walk to the water. Walk-to, I willl, the-water.
I, Walk-to(future tense), water-the.
Værkú ensoh silta.
En værkú silta.
Veirkuu ensoh syelta.
En veirkû siltah.
It is a long time until night ends, and day begins. Long time- (it)-is, until, night, ends; and, day, begins. Gohltú rog rrhetah porvah, el sai sæan. Gohltuu rohg rretah porvah, el sai seian.
My weapon of burning. Weapon my, of, burning. Tærren o rahqa. Teiren oh rahxa.
The spirits are flying in the air. The-spirits, are, flying, in, the-air. Ærsahnta roh særa læ aita. Eirsahntah roh seirah lei aitah.
The weapons are burning. The-weapons, are, burning. Tærsahnta roh rahqa. Teirsahntah roh rahxa.
Come with me, if you want to live.   Kah vil men, bahn al bohr ohrú Kohlen. Kah vyel men, bahn ahl bor oruu Kohlen.

----- Wordlist 1 -----
English
Sed
English
Sed
English
Sed
English
Sed
0 fahl 1 jhin 2 koh 3 kahz
4 yin 5 tahn 6 jhet 7 silvah
8 bræ 9 ahn 10 jinsah 20 kosah
30 kahsah 40 yinsah 50 tahnsah 60 jhesah
70 silvahsah 80 bræsah 90 ahnsah 100 jin--?
a jea air ai and el anger rrahl
are roh battle tæs begin sæah burn rahq
come kah dark rrhet day (a day long) saht day (day-time) sai
death prohg end por fight tæza fire roq
fly sær go -kú great (size) siv happy kahl
hate rrawlos I en ice shar if bahn
in -ing -a is -tú joy kawlos
life kohl light sæl (day-spirit) like ("I like that") kër live kohlen (originally kohlohn)
long time gohl love

kærr

me men mind kawl
my -rren night rrhetah of o pain kai
-s -vah (end -> ends; break -> breaks) -s (pluralize) -sahn sleep proh speak sel
spirit ær the -ta (at end of subject - "The weapons" is not tærtasah, but tærsahta) think kor this til
time go to (at) to (future-tense) ohrú (as in "want to live") to (go to) -kú
until rog walk vær wander væros want bohr
war tæziv water sil weapon tær will (shall) -soh
with vil you al